8K

{{errorMsg}}

8K
  • {{queryString}}
  • {{aList}}
  • Themes (Levels 1, 2 only)
  • {{aTheme}}

  • {{aLevel.name}}

  • {{aPoS.name}}

  • To search:

    {{view_input.onChange.name}}

  • Match:

    {{view_queryType.value}}

  • Filters:

    {{view_queryFilters.value}}

  • Sort by:

    {{view_order.value}}

  • Format:
  • {{word.hanzi}} {{word.hanzi_variants}}
    {{word.pinyin}}{{word.pinyin_variants}}

    {{word.meaning}}

    {{word.PoS}} {{'L' + word.level}}

{{view_page.currentItemCount + 1}}/{{matchedCount}}
{{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].hanzi}} {{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].hanzi_variants}}
{{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].pinyin}} {{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].pinyin_variants}} {{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].phoneticsNote}}
{{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].PoS}} {{'Level ' + view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].level}}
  • {{sense}}
< {{view_page.display[view_page.currentItem].domain}} >
  • {{aCharEntry.meaning}}
  • "Hanzi","Hanzi variants","Pinyin","Pinyin variants","Pin1yin1 cedict","Part of speech","Level","Meaning"
  • "{{word.hanzi}}","{{word.hanzi_variants}}","{{word.pinyin}}","{{word.pinyin_variants}}","{{word.pin1yin1_cedict}}","{{word.PoS}}","{{word.level}},"{{word.meaning}}"

8K

Is about 8000 words in the Mandarin Chinese language of Taiwan.

Controls

Click one of the icons in the four corners of the window to display the associated page or menu. Changes selected in the options menu only take effect after the OK button is clicked!

Ways To Search: Examples

For all queries, cASe is ignored (but search result is displayed in proper case). Apostrophes are accepted in pīnyīn queries. Otherwise, punctuation is ignored. Click the search icon to see search results. Alternatively, via the options menu, you can choose to get search results as you type.

  • Default match

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    Blank input All entries All entries

    A query that is blank, or only punctuation, returns all entries. Output is only constrained by the search options (see Search Options below).

  • Exact match: prepend "="

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    =斤 jīn

    Only exact matches are to be returned. Can be used with all other search types.

  • Hanzi match

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output

    公斤
    jīn
    gōngjīn
  • Pīnyīn (with tone markers) match

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    pútáo (or "pú táo", or "PúTáo") 葡萄 pútáo

    Note: The pinyin for 兒 as erhua r-suffix is "r" (for example, the pinyin for 哪兒 is "nǎr"). Otherwise, the pinyin for 兒 is "ér" (e.g., pinyin for 兒子 is "érzǐ").

  • Numbered pinyin match

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    pu2tao2 (or "pu2 tao2", or "Pu2Tao2") 葡萄 pútáo

    Note: The numbered pinyin for 兒 as erhua r-suffix is r5 (for example, the numbered pinyin for 哪兒 is na3 r5). Otherwise, the numbered pinyin for 兒 is "er2" (e.g., numbered pinyin for 兒子 is "er2 zi3").

  • "中E": toneless pinyin or English match (default)

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    gun
    棍子

    射擊
    gŭn
    gùnzi
    qiāng
    shèjí

    槍/qiāng meaning: gun (weapon). 射擊/shèjí meaning: to fire (a gun). Meanings matching the English are highlighted.

  • "中": toneless pinyin match only (select from options menu)

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    gun
    棍子
    gŭn
    gùnzi

    Useful for limiting results, e.g. a toneless-pinyin-or-English query for "Taiwan" returns 44 matches, but a toneless-pinyin-only query returns just 1 match.

  • "E": English match only (select from options menu)

    Input Hanzi Output Pinyin Output
    gun
    射擊
    qiāng
    shèjí

Search Options

Filters Description Note
List Limit search to selected list Default: all words (no limit)
Level Limit search to selected level Default: all levels (no limit)
PoS Limit search to selected part of speech Default: all parts of speech (no limit)
Sort by Description Note
level Ordered by level, unordered within a level Default ordering
pinyin Alphabetically ordered by pinyin
hanzi Ordered by character code (not dictionary ordering)
PoS Ordered by PoS, unordered within a PoS
Format Description Note
HTML Ordered by level, unordered within a level Default format
Text Tabular, with each entry shown as comma-separated values (CSV) Allows output to be exported to other applications, via copy and paste

Output Notation

  • Variants: Slash ("/") denotes alternative constructs

Type Description Example
Synonyms Words with same meaning and usage 星期天/星期日 xīngqítiān/ xīngqírì meaning: "Sunday"
Character variants Different characters, same pronunciation and meaning 念/唸 niàn meaning: "to read"
Phonetic variants Different pronunciation, same characters and meaning 角色 jiǎosè/juésè meaning: "persona"
Erhua variants Different pronunciation (r-suffix), same meaning 畫/畫兒 huà/huàr meaning: "picture"
Optional suffix Different final syllable, same meaning 車/車子 chē/chēzi meaning: "small vehicle"
  • Part of Speech Symbols

Symbol Description
Adv Adverb
Adv_p Adverb that follows verb, and indicates degree (level or extent)
Conj Conjunction
DET Determiner
M Measure
N Noun
P Particle
Post Postposition
Prep Preposition
VA Action Verb
VS State Verb
  • Pronunciation Notes

For a small number of entries (less than 1%), numbered pinyin is also shown, to highlight that a character's tone changes. For example, 早上 uses shang5 instead of shang4.

  • Themes

Level 1 and 2 entries are grouped into areas that roughly correspond with the themes that are typically used to introduce these words in textbooks and phrasebooks: "Job", "Shopping", "Daily life", etc.

  • Definitions

When a word appears at multiple levels with the same POS, there is nothing in the data to determine how the levels are different. When a word has multiple meanings the reader must find the meaning suitable to the POS. Here are some tips (but not all meanings conform to these tips).

POS Indicator
Noun Includes the term "CL:". This term supplies the measure word to be used for that noun.
Verb Begins "to ..."
Measure word Begins "classifier for..."
Preposition Begins with "{Prep}" (but only when a word contains both preposition and non-preposition meanings)
Adverb A word ending in "-ly"

Changes from SC-TOP list

8K is derived from the 2013 graded vocabulary published by The Steering Committee for the Test Of Proficiency-Huayu (SC-TOP), with these differences.

Area SC-TOP 8K
Pronunciation Notes zhuyin numbered pinyin
Themes Language Chinese English
Basic rules for writing Hanyu Pinyin
- Capitalization Varies Proper nouns are capitalized
- Tone sandhi Variously shown Not shown
- Apostrophes None Added before any syllable that begins with a, e, or o, unless that syllable comes at the beginning of a word
- Erhua retroflex suffix Written as "ér" Written as "r"

{{errorMsg}}

  • Searched for:
    {{errorQuery}}
  • as:
    {{errorQueryType}}
  • with POS:
    {{errorQueryPoS}}
  • at level:
    {{errorLevel}}
  • in:
    {{errorQuerySet}}